Game clock: JUNE 2019

International News

News from around the World
Iceviking
Posts: 70
Joined: Thu Aug 16, 2018 6:25 pm
South Africa

Re: International News

#31

Post by Iceviking » Sat Oct 20, 2018 9:26 pm

Russia Secures Lucrative Sales to Middle Eastern Countries.

May 2019

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RIYADH | Saudi Arabia -- During a visit by the Russian Prime Minister to Saudi Arabia, a contract for the purchase of the S-400 system has been agreed WNN can report. The country will take delivery of 44 systems by 2024, with several Russian companies providing facilities to allow the maintenance and overhaul of automotive and some electronic systems related to the system. It has also been rumoured that as part of the deal, Russia has withdrawn from discussions with Qatar over a potential sale of the system. In total, Saudi Arabia will pay Russia $10bn which will cover the S-400 launchers, several hundred missiles and ancillary systems, training, maintenance, logistics and spares. King Salman himself had originally signed the memorandum for the purchase during a visit to Moscow, though the final signing had been delayed.

Riyadh has frequently claimed to have intercepted retaliatory missiles fired from Yemen, but many reports have pointed to the failure of US-made Patriot missile system to fend off the attacks. In April 2018 the New York Times described the Patriot a “struggling” missile defense system. “The Patriot system has faced recent scrutiny after it failed to protect Saudi Arabia’s capital from missiles fired by Houthi militants in Yemen,” the paper wrote. A month earlier, Washington-based Foreign Policy magazine published an article, describing the Patriot as “a lemon of a missile defense system,” and casting doubt on the veracity of the kingdom’s claims of neutralizing Yemen's retaliatory missile attacks.

Departing Saudi Arabia, Mr Medvedev visited Baghdad where he met with his Iraqi counterpart to discuss the ongoing situation in the country, where concerns are growing over the plight of millions in the south of the country over water quality. More than 90,000 people were hospitalised in September 2018 as a result of the consumption of polluted water, prompting massive protests and fears of a resurgence of sectarian violence that could plunge the country into another crisis. Citing security fears, and seizing on recent military deals, the two men signed a number of contracts which some say will bolster Russia's position in equipping the country's military.

Iraq too is set to take receipt of four batteries of the S-400 system by 2023, filling a gap in its ability to defend its own airspace. It will also become an export partner of the Mikoyan Mig-35, with 36 aircraft planned to be delivered by 2025. They will supplement Iraq's F-16IQ fleet, while a further 10 Su-25 ground attack aircraft will also be supplied to the country. Russia will also supply the country with a number of artillery systems to support the newly delivered T-90 and BMP-3 armoured fighting vehicles. No firm cost of the contracts has been announced, but estimates from SIPRI put the deals at between $6bn and $10bn in total.

Russia

International Populairty + 1.0

+$18 Billion in sales


Saudi Arabia & Iraq

Equipment will start to be delivered commencing April 2020

Iceviking
Posts: 70
Joined: Thu Aug 16, 2018 6:25 pm
South Africa

Re: International News

#32

Post by Iceviking » Thu Nov 08, 2018 10:54 am

Russia and Saudi Arabia Strike Nuclear Power Deal.

June 2019

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RIYADH | Saudi Arabia -- Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman and Russian president Vladimir Putin have signed an agreement worth over $90 billion which will see Rosatom provide the Kingdom with 16 nuclear power plants over the next 25 years. The projected 17 GWe of clean energy by 2045 will provide 15% of the power requirements of the country. The agreement included three smaller nuclear desalination sites will provide almost half a million cubic metres of potable water per day to a country whose aquifers are of concern.

Rosatom will also assist the Saudi Arabian Atomic Regulatory Authority in recruiting and training personnel and establishing safety standards. A cooperation agreement will also be put in place to regulate nuclear safety, safeguards and physical protection, radiation protection and relevant research, as well as development in a manner to serve atomic energy programs in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. This agreement follows a 2015 deal which saw the two sides cooperate on the management of used nuclear fuel and radioactive waste management; the production of radioisotopes and their application in industry, medicine and agriculture; and the education and training of specialists in the field of nuclear energy.

Energy experts say that Saudi Arabia is trying to make money from its oil reserves as quickly as possible because global demand is expected to decline in the future, with breakthroughs in renewable energy technology and the eventual ubiquity of electric cars. In the long run, it’s aiming to diversify its economy away from oil to generate revenue from sectors like tech and entertainment services. If it uses nuclear reactors to generate electricity, that will allow the Gulf country to export more of its oil rather than consume it at home. More exports mean more money for the country’s government.

But nuclear proliferation experts and US lawmakers from both parties are deeply worried about the deal. They’re concerned that Riyadh could try to use the technology to start a nuclear weapons program and make one of most volatile regions in the world even more unstable. In fact, some skeptics think the whole energy argument coming out of Riyadh is merely a cover for its military ambitions. These concerns were reinforced when the Saudi Crown Prince told CBS "“Saudi Arabia does not want to acquire any nuclear bomb, but without a doubt, if Iran developed a nuclear bomb, we will follow suit as soon as possible.”"

Kingston Reif, a nonproliferation expert at the Arms Control Association told WNN “I think a main driver, if not the main driver [of Saudi Arabia’s nuclear program], is its security competition with Iran.” Iran is Saudi Arabia’s archrival in the Middle East, and Saudi Arabia is worried that Iran could use its civil nuclear program to make weapons in the future, and tip the balance of power in the region in its favor. The nuclear deal that Iran signed on to in 2015 heavily restricts Iran’s ability to make the materials required for a nuclear bomb, but crucial restrictions in the agreement begin to expire around 2030.

The proposed US agreement, referred to as the 123 agreement would have imposed legal restrictions on Saudi Arabia’s enrichment or reprocessing ambitions. In Congress there was bipartisan opposition to a 123 agreement that allowed for enrichment, all but blocking any efforts to secure the sale given the Saudi insistence that enriching uranium is its sovereign right. Russian officials were less cautious, saying "We have included no restriction on the Saudis because they deserve to be treated equally and with respect. If they develop an enrichment or fuel reprocessing programme under the regulations of the IAEA, then there is no issue whatsoever."

Russia

International Popularity + 2.0

+0.002% GDP

More results to come over the years.

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